Reduce Your Risks for Zika and Tetanus

Know where to go for your vaccinations


Outdoor activity can carry some tiny but potentially severe health risks, including tetanus bacteria and Zika-bearing mosquitos. So whether you are gardening at home this summer or vacationing in warmer climes, enjoy time outdoors knowing you have done all you can to keep yourself and your family safe.

Check with your physician or vaccination clinic to ensure that you have all the vaccinations you need for your holiday destination, and that you are up to date with routine once-a-decade shots such as tetanus.

Several promising Zika vaccines are currently in development1, but until they are tested and approved, the best protection is for you and your partner to avoid Zika-affected destinations. Check the Government of Canada website for updates on Zika transmission patterns.2

Did you know?

The Zika virus can be passed from a pregnant woman to her fetus and can cause birth defects. Zika can be sexually transmitted and 75-80% of infections cause no symptoms. Women should wait 2 months and men 6 months after returning from a Zika-affected destination before trying to conceive.

Avoid mosquito bites!

  • Get accommodations with air conditioning, good window screens, and mosquito netting for the bed.
  • Cover up when outdoors – tucked in light-coloured shirts and pants, socks and a hat all help provide a physical barrier.2
  • Spray clothing and exposed skin with insect repellents – used as directed by the manufacturer, products containing 50% DEET are safe, even for use during pregnancy.3
  • Learn more ...

All about tetanus

Whether it is mosquitos or tetanus risks, we’re surrounded – tetanus bacteria exist in dust, soil, and manure. Tetanus bacteria enter your body through broken skin, so a sliver, puncture wound, self-injection, burn, or a crush injury can put you at risk. Wounds contaminated with soil, feces, and saliva are more likely to cause a tetanus infection.

  • Wear protective gloves, clothing and footwear when there is any risk of injury, e.g., working with tools, gardening.
  • Clean wounds immediately – even minor injuries that break the skin, like blisters or scrapes – to help prevent infection.
  • Learn more ...

Know where to go to find your nearest CLSC or vaccinating clinic. Visit


  1. New Zika vaccine candidate protects mice and monkeys with a single dose
  2. Zika virus
  3. Is it safe to use insect repellent during pregnancy?
  4. About Tetanus


Summer 2017, Vol 9 N°3

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Spotlight on Youth

Summer 2018
Vol 10 N°3

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